Ovarian cancer screening test
Ovarian cancer ranks fifth in cancer deaths among women, accounting for more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system. The number of new cases of ovarian cancer is 5 per 100,000 women per year. Epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOCs) account for 80 percent of all cancers of the ovaries.
More than two third of ovarian cancer cases are found too late when it’s very difficult to treat. Currently there are no reliable screening tests for cancer detection with high accuracy. However, in some cases, cancer could be found and treated with care.
- Frequent bloating.
- Pain in your belly or pelvis.
- Trouble eating, or feeling full quickly.
- Urinary problems, such as an urgent need to urinate or urinating more often than usual.
- Expansion of stomach, or a sudden change in waistline.
Commonly medical history of patients with ovarian cancer includes:
- No children
- Have family medical history of ovarian cancer, breast cancer, womb cancer, or gastrointestinal cancer
Patients with a risk of ovarian cancer will be treated with additional examinations such as physical examination, internal examination, ultrasound scanning, and blood tests (CA125+HE4) for diagnosis and treatment.
Surgery is the initial treatment of choice for ovarian cancer, provided patients are medically fit , under the care of a gynaecological oncologist. Treatment plan should be carefully discussed between doctor and young age patient for the best treatment towards the chance of pregnancy in the future.
(Obstetrician and Gynecologist Subspecialty in Reproductive Medicine)